Native American

This page contains reference materials specifically focused on Native American Studies, primarily in Northern California. The content focuses on interaction between Butte County tribes and some Northern California tribes with the settlers, the reservation system and the military as reported in local papers mostly in Red Bluff and Oroville. There is little information included about culture  and mythology as numerous books have been written on the subject and there are better informed sources than is available in these archives dealing with that aspect of their lives. We deal very little with mission life but recommend a book by Randall Milliken who holds a Ph.D. in Anthropology “A Time of Little Choice“, a detailed study of mission life in the Bay Area which gives some interesting observation based on his 1976  studies of mission records. It was first issued as a thesis.

Helpful Hint: The PDF Timeline below can be viewed in your computer browser and searched by keyword without downloading the file by using Control F on your keyboard when the file is open. This function is very helpful with these large files in finding a specific person, subject, place, etc. The Control F Function does not work on photographs or the text embedded in the photo.
Butte County Native American Timeline  (PDF 61 Pages)
Updated Jan 2018 – Contains 582 Entries
Note: The actual Native American newspaper articles are in the Newspaper Archives section. A copy of this index is available there as well.

—– Reference Materials—–

1884 Article on Concow Indians
Excerpts from Bureau of Indian Affairs Reports
1863 report mentions Con-Cow Indians
Other Reference Materials

1851 Proposed Treaty Signed at Bidwell’s Ranch

1851 Treaty Thumb

(Click image to read text)

Note: This treaty was signed but never ratified by Congress

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Preserving the Yankee Hill, California Area's History